Anal fissure: Know its symptoms and remedies

What is an anal fissure?

The anal fissure is a small cut in the lower anus (rectum), which causes difficulty in passing stools. Bleeding, pain or very severe pain may occur before, after, or during bowel movement. In the early stages, when there is a problem with the anal fissure, there is a mild cut in the anal, which usually heals quickly, but if this cut is not cured for many days, the condition can become serious.

The problem of the anal fissure is not serious, but it should not be ignored. However, in most cases, it can be cured in four to six weeks. Some anal fissures can also be cured with minor treatments such as increasing the amount of fibre in food and sitting in hot water for some time. If doing so, chronic anal fissure is not cured within 8 to 12 weeks, then in such a situation, it can be cured with surgery and medicines.

How common is the anal fissure?

This health-related problem is common. An anal fissure can occur at any stage of age. It is possible to treat it properly. It is better to contact the doctor as soon as possible.

What can be the symptoms of anal fissure?

Some common causes of anal fissure:

  • Blood spot appearing after a bowel movement. Sometimes, fissures can also look different from faeces.
  • Stomach ache during bowel movement.
  • Feeling pain for a long time even after having a bowel movement.
  • Cracking or itching around the anus.
  • The crack near Anus can also be easily seen.
  • If there is an anal fissure, there may be lumps at that place.

In addition to the above symptoms, there may be other symptoms. If you have any concerns about any symptoms, please consult your doctor.

When should we see a doctor?

If you notice any signs or symptoms, you should contact a doctor. Because everyone’s body functions differently. So it would be better to see a doctor and understand the disease.

What causes an anal fissure?

Common causes of an anal fissure include:

  • Motion not being properly or feeling troublesome.
  • Constipation
  • Chronic diarrhoea
  • Swelling or burning at the anorectal site.
  • Crohn’s disease or feeling disturbed at the anorectal site.
  • Decreased blood flow to the anorectal site.
  • Having trouble with the anal canal.
  • Some specific reasons for growing anal fissure:
  • Anal cancer
  • HIV
  • Tuberculosis
  • Syphilis
  • Herpes
  • What causes an anal fissure to increase?
  • Reasons for growing anal fissure:
  • Constipation
  • With birth
  • Cohan disease
  • Anal intercourse
  • Diagnosis and treatment

The above information should not be taken as a substitute for any medical advice. Your doctor can give you more information.

How can an anal fissure be diagnosed?

Your doctor can treat you with an anal fissure for better treatment. The doctor can begin treatment by examining the anal canal with the help of a digital rectal. However, if the patient feels more pain or discomfort during this examination, then the doctor can also wait for Fisher to recover.

During this time, doctors also take care that the patient is not suffering from any chronic disease or any other disease.

Flexible sigmoidoscopy: This test can be done if you are under 50 years old and have an intestinal disease or colon cancer.

Colonoscopy: This test can be done if you are over 50 years old or you have stomach cancer, signs of other conditions or other symptoms such as abdominal pain or diarrhoea.

How is anal fissure treated?

An acute anal fissure can often heal within a few weeks by changing your eating habits, such as increasing fiber and fluid intake. By doing this, the problem of constipation will also be cured. However, if your symptoms persist, you will need further treatment:

  • Application of nitroglycerin on the outskirts
  • Topical anesthetic creams like, lidocaine hydro glyceride
  • Botulinum toxin injection
  • Blood pressure medications

In the chronic anal fissure case treated as described above.


It is not easy to stop the anal fissure. However, you can reduce the chances of it happening. For this, follow the following types of diet –

  • Keep the pulp dry
  • Clean the anal part with less chemical soap and lukewarm water
  • Drink fluids sparingly
  • Change baby diapers immediately
  • Do exercise
  • Eat a diet rich in fiber
  • Do not delay the treatment of diarrhoea, constipation
  • Lifestyle changes or home remedies
  • The following lifestyle and home remedies can help you deal with anal fissure:
  • Foods high in fiber should be high in your diets, such as fruits, vegetables, beans, and whole grains.
  • Exercise regularly increases blood flow in the body and keeps the body active.
  • The joint should not be attached during bowel movements.

To treat an anal fissure, apply ice packs to the rectum. It can be relieved by pain. You can apply an ice pack to the rectum after having a bowel movement.

Aloe vera is very easily found in every household. According to research by Biomed Research International, aloe vera can heal the wounds of the anal fissure very quickly. Applying its pulp can provide relief from burning, itching and swelling due to hemorrhoids. Therefore aloe vera can be used to treat anal fissure.

Coconut oil acts as a natural moisturizer. Applying coconut oil can provide relief from irritation and inflammation.

In this article, we have tried to tell you the important things related to the anal fisher. Hope you have liked the information given by Hello Health. If you want to know the answer to any other question related to this disease, then definitely ask us. We will try to answer your questions by medical experts. Take care and stay healthy.

Your doctor can provide you more information about Anal fissures.

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